Study Designs

Turner Scientific offers a wide array of study designs to meet the needs of our innovative clients.

The sponsors of our trials produce a variety of compounds and devices, each with its own potential for improving auditory function or generating ototoxicity. We therefore need to be flexible and creative, and offer multiple drug administration pathways, methods of noise exposure, and animal models to help our clients proceed to regulatory approval.

Drug Administration Pathways

  • Oral

  • Intraperitoneal

  • Subcutaneous

  • IV

  • Intratympanic

  • Transtympanic

  • Intracochlear

  • Round window membrane

  • Transbulla

  • Osmotic mini-pumps

Methods of Noise Exposure

  • Anesthetized of unanesthetized

  • Prolonged/sustained exposure

  • Blast/impact

  • Noise and chemical combination

Animal Models

  • Mice

  • Rats

  • Guinea pigs

  • Chinchillas

  • Miniature swine through partnership with
    Sinclair Research.